Watch out!

They’ll be haunting the streets tonight!

Stay alert when driving, and keep an eye out for their safety, all through the night. It’s a time for creative fun and laughter, but also for keeping all the little ghouls and goblins bright-eyed.

Unfortunately, hazards do lurk. Children (and pets) don’t usually think to watch out for them. It’s up to all of us to make sure the little kids stay safe and have fun.

Here’s to a happy and healthy Halloween for all! 

IMAGE: Many thanks to the Pinterest page, 1000+ Toddler Halloween Costumes! Check that page out, if you’re up for creativity and cute little kids–they have scads of both. 

Unique manifestations

Artdog Quote of the Week

“Other cultures are not failed attempts at being like you.”

There are people in this world who don’t see it that way. They can’t look beyond their own frame of reference, and they resist seeing their own privilege, which simultaneously insulates them and quarantines them from full participation with the rest of the world.

Sadly, they miss more than they know.

IMAGE: Many thanks to Quote Addicts for this image and quote.

I hope you’ll also check out Wade Davis’s website. Davis is an anthropologist and author who works with National Geographic, so he really knows what he’s talking about in this quote.

Cultural exchange and a Japanese Cubist

This week’s Artdog Image of Interest:

Cultural exchange flows both ways, or it isn’t an exchange. In earlier posts this month, I’ve explored Japonisme in Europe, and the influence of Katsushika Hokusai’s prints on the French painter Paul Cézanne. Japanese art clearly changed the look of Western art in many ways.

But did Western art have any effect on the art of Asia? Indeed it did, and here is an example. Today, I’d like you to meet Tetsugoro Yorozu‘s Leaning Woman

Tetsugoro was part of the Japanese Yōga (“Western-style”) art movement at the turn of the 20th Century. Although he died when he was only 41 (of tuberculosis), he was an influential painter in his day. Fascinated with Western-style art from an early age, he traveled to the US to study art, but had to return almost immediately to Japan, because of the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake. 

He experimented with a variety of Western styles, but he is best known for promoting Cubism in Japan. Tetsugoro’s Leaning Woman currently resides in the National Museum of Modern Art in Tokyo, Japan.

No matter where they originate, exciting new ways of looking at the world will always beguile artists–no matter where they originate.

IMAGE: Many thanks to Wikipedia for the image of Leaning Woman.

Three bad guys’ worst nightmare

Here’s a pre-Halloween story about three bad guys with an evil plan. Back in May, 2015, they decided–possibly as part of a gang plot–to ambush and kill a cop.

Cop's-eye view, approaching a similar Lincoln Town Car.
Cop’s-eye view, approaching a similar Lincoln Town Car.

They set up their ambush at a deserted rest area on a lonely stretch of Highway 90, near Pearlington, Mississippi. They parked their 2000 model dark blue Lincoln Town Car, and turned off the lights. One man sat very still inside. The other two hid in the woods nearby. Then they waited.

Around 10:00 p.m., Hancock County Deputy Todd Frazier noticed the car with the motionless man in the driver’s seat. Like any good cop, he pulled over and got out, to see if the man was all right.

That’s when the other two leaped out of the dark woods. They attacked Frazier with fists and what probably was a box cutter. When the man who’d been in the car piled out, it was three against one. They choked Frazier, told him they were going to slit his throat, and dragged him toward the woods.

Chief Deputy Don Bass later said authorities think they planned to take Frazier into the woods, kill him, and dump his body.

Lucky for Frazier, he had a couple of secret weapons.

lucas-leaps-full
Meet Lucas, the hero of this story.

The first was a button on his belt. Frazier managed to get a hand free long enough to press it. That released the door of his patrol vehicle and popped it open. The device had only recently been installed: one of the first two on any Hancock County units. 

The second secret weapon was his K9 partner, 75-lb. black Belgian Malinois Lucas. Six-year-old Lucas recognized right away that this was not a training exercise, Frazier later said. The dog leaped from the vehicle and immediately attacked the three men.

Lucas bit one, possibly two of the attackers, according to Hancock County Sheriff Ricky Adam. “We don’t know how many he got, we just know he had blood all over him.”

By that time Frazier had blood all over himself, too. “I couldn’t see anything, because the blood was all in my eyes,” he said later. “I could hear [Lucas] growling and making all these sounds . . . he sounded like a wolf.”

The attackers fled in the Town Car. Sheriff Adam said that as they drove away, Lucas was still hanging onto the leg of one of them

A multi-agency manhunt ensued after the attack on Deputy Frazier.
A multi-agency manhunt ensued after the attack on Deputy Frazier.

The bad guys didn’t get away unscathed–at least one of them probably had serious dog bites. But neither did Frazier or Lucas. Frazier’s injuries, while not life-threatening, put him in the hospital for a while. Lucas broke several teeth and tore a neck muscle and an ACL. 

Lucas in 2015, with his medal from BARL.
Lucas in 2015, with his medal from BARL.

Despite a multi-agency manhunt that expanded into Louisiana, the attackers have not yet been found. But that doesn’t mean the police aren’t still looking. DNA swabs and other evidence were taken from the scene, so even if it takes years, they should still have the means to link suspects to this case. If you know anything that would help, please contact the Hancock County Sheriff’s Department at (228) 467-5101 or call your local law enforcement.

It took a while for Frazier and Lucas to get back on their feet. Unlike at many agencies, where the department owns the K9s, Lucas is Frazier’s own dog. Since their close brush with death in 2015, Frazier has started TLB K9 Enterprises, his own business training K9s, and they also do federal search and rescue work for FEMA.

Lucas has been recognized for his bravery with a PETA Heroic Dog Award, and by the Brookhaven Animal Rescue League (BARL) as the Hero of the Year for 2015.

I found an animated re-enactment of Lucas and Frazier’s story from TOMO News, that you may enjoy:

IMAGES: Many thanks to WeBeAutos on YouTube, for the screenshot of a 2000 model dark blue Lincoln Town Car, as the videographer approaches the drivers’ side front window. This would be similar to Todd Frazier’s viewpoint as he walked into the ambush–only it was a lot darker that night. I am indebted to the Australian website news.com for the dramatic photo of Lucas in mid-leap. Many thanks to the Clarion Ledger for the photo of the investigation at the crime scene, and for the photo of Lucas with his BARL award. Finally, many thanks to TOMO News on YouTube, for the animated re-enactment of Lucas’s heroic night.

Essential to the world’s beauty

Artdog Quote of the Week 

There is strength and beauty in cultural diversity. Cultural exchange, cultural interaction, is the way we achieve it.

IMAGE: Many thanks to Quote Addicts for this image and quote.

A tale of Hokusai and Cézanne

This week’s Artdog Images of Interest: 

A couple of weeks ago, I shared a painting from the age of Japonisme in Europe. Today I’d like to offer an example of how the Japanese Ukiyo-e woodblock prints that arrived in Europe during the Meiji Era changed European art, and inspired the aesthetic that created “modern” art. 

Tokaido Hodogaya, one of the Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fuji, by Katsushika Hokusai, shows us a glimpse of the ukiyo-e prints that took Europe by storm in the latter half of the 19th Century.

Many people in Europe, and especially such painters as Claude Monet, Vincent van Gogh, James A. McNeill Whistler, and Paul Cézanne amassed large collections of Japanese prints. Monet had a whole living room full. Van Gogh didn’t have many physical possessions, but he did have a cherished collection of ukiyo-e prints.The radically different way in which the Japanese artists viewed space, color, and perspective influenced these artists deeply–some more directly than others.

Paul Cézanne painted The Chestnut Trees of Jas de Bouffan in Winter, a view that included Mont Ste. Victoire, one of his favorite subjects, as viewed from his home. Hokusai’s influence is hard to miss.

Paul Cézanne was such an ardent admirer of two print series, each titled Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fuji–one created by Katsushika Hokusai, and the other by his younger rival Ando Hiroshige–that he created his own series of thirty-six paintings of Mont Ste. Victoire, a distinctive mountain near Aix-en-Provence, visible from Cézanne’s home and studio at Bastide du Jas de Bouffan.

There was no question about cultural appropriation in Cézanne’s day. Europeans considered themselves and their culture to be the apex of human civilization. They felt free to draw upon any source they wished, and never questioned whether they had a right to do so. I am not sure that Cézanne’s painting count as “appropriation” per se, though it’s easy to detect a touch of “the sincerest form of flattery.” Similarities are also easy to see in others he painted, whose compositions bear a striking resemblance to certain prints by Hokusai and Hiroshige–I may share them at some point in the future.

IMAGES: I found this great image of Hokusai’s Tokaido Hodogaya through the Ukiyo-e Search website. Many thanks to the British website Poster Lounge for the photo of Cézanne’s Les Marroniers du Jas de Bouffan en hiver. 

Space Station DIY: Should we go Tubular?

NASA artist Don Davis gave us a vision of how it might look inside an O'Neill cylinder with reflected sunlight.
NASA artist Don Davis gave us a vision of how it might look inside an O’Neill cylinder with reflected sunlight.

My quest to find a plausible, space-based home for the characters in my novels continued.

I needed a space-based habitat that would feel earthlike-enough for me (and my readers) to believe that humans could be comfortable there long-term. But it also must be believable, based on what we know or can reasonably extrapolate from physics, space, engineering, and technology.

So far in this DIY Space Station series we’ve considered space stations/colonies in general, Dyson structures, and Bernal spheresThe next design I considered was the O’Neill Cylinder, a design developed by one of the founders of this area of engineering and design, Dr. Gerard K. O’Neill, of Princeton University. 

the_high_frontier_coverThe idea for this design evolved out of O’Neill’s work for NASA and at PrincetonHis Island One and Island Two designs were Bernal spheres, but the larger Island Three design proposed a paired-cylinders design that sought to solve several problems with the Bernal sphere design.

His 1976 book, The High Frontier: Human Colonies in Space described the “Islands,” and developed the concept of the paired cylinders. Why paired cylinders? So they can  cancel out a gyroscopic effect that would make it difficult to keep them aimed at the sun. Each cylinder was to be four or five miles in diameter and up to 20 miles long, with six sections: three “window” areas, interspersed with three “land” areas. Each cylinder could provide habitat for several million people.

spacecolony1

There would be a separate section for agriculture, designed much like the so-called Crystal Palace” of the Bernal sphere design. As I pointed out in my Bernal sphere post, today we know far more about the pitfalls of industrial-style agriculture than we did in the 1970s. I’ll go into more detail about space-based agricultural issues in a future post.

O’Neill cylinders utilize a shape identified by the creators of Kalpana One as the most efficient for a space habitat (more about Kalpana One in a different future post), but I ultimately found it difficult to imagine living in one, for many of the same reasons as the Bernal sphere.

goetzscheuermann-oneillcylinder-650

Also, I didn’t like the slight Coriolis effect that would occur if the habitat was built the size O’Neill originally proposed. There were economic reasons for that size: O’Neill was trying to get the US Government to consider funding one of his “Islands.” Their size was dictated by 1970s-based calculations. Unfortunately, the head of the Senate subcommittee that handled NASA’s funding considered a large-scale space habitat a “nutty fantasy,” and the project was killed.

Senator William Proxmire (D-WI) thought Gerard K. O'Neill's space-settlement ideas were a "nutty fantasy." Proxmire was famous for identifying government programs he thought were silly, and awarding them the Golden Fleece Award. Fear of his wrath led NASA to kill O'Neill's project.
Senator William Proxmire (D-WI) thought Gerard K. O’Neill’s space-settlement ideas were a “nutty fantasy.” Proxmire was famous for identifying government programs he thought were silly, and awarding them the Golden Fleece Award. Fear of his wrath led NASA to kill O’Neill’s project.

Of course, there’s no reason to think a larger version couldn’t be built, if the economics of the builders supported it. Rama, the space habitat described by Arthur C. Clarke in his 1973 novel Rendezvous with Rama, is about 50% larger than the classic O’Neill cylinder, but as I understand it, it’s based in part on O’Neill’s design. I found a video that offers a 3D-animated “tour” of Rama. I enjoyed it, and I hope you do too.

Side note: yes, my own Rana Station‘s name was chosen with a nod to Rama, although I ultimately chose a different design configuration for my space habitat. The name “Rana” (with an n) means “attractive, eye-catching, elegant,” which is what cinched the choice for me. I’m an artist: it had to appeal to my eyes, too!

Besides Clarke’s Rama, other famous O’Neill cylinders in science fiction include the space station Babylon 5 and the space habitats (sides) in the Gundam Universe.

Babylon 5--but where are the windows? And are those solar panels, or heat exchangers?
Babylon 5–but where are the windows? And are those solar panels, or heat exchangers?
Animators of the Mobile Gundam series paid close attention to the design of O'Neill cylinders. This is an interior view of Loum (Side 5).
Animators of the Mobile Gundam series paid close attention to the design of O’Neill cylinders. This is an interior view of Loum (Side 5).

IMAGES: Many thanks to Wikipedia/Wikimedia Commons and Don Davis for the upper image of the cylinder interior; for the High Frontier first edition cover featuring art by Rick Guidice; for the 1970s rendering of an exterior view of paired cylinders, also by Guidice; and for the photo portraits of Senator William Proxmire and Gerard K. O’NeillI am indebted to the Maveric Universe Wiki for the GoetzSheuermann image of Island One. Many thanks to YouTube and Eric Bruneton for the Rama animation, to Science Fiction & Fantasy Stack Exchange for the image of the Babylon 5 Space Station, and to The Universal Century, for the interior image of Loum (Side Five) a space colony from the Mobile Gundam universe.